TSVV-5: “Neutral gas dynamics in the edge”,
(Theory, Simulation, Verification and Validation task #5 [Borodin22], subproject inside the EUROFusion E-TASC initiative [Litaudon22])
The task aims and approaches used:|
Neutral gas physics and its interactions with the plasma is a key aspect of edge plasma and divertor physics in a fusion reactor.
The proposal foresees the development, verification and validation of a Neutral Gas Module (NGM) based on the existing EIRENE
code to establish a flexible, efficient and reliable computational tool. The NGM will provide efficient use of high-performance
computing (HPC) resources including domain decomposition and demonstration of good speedup scaling for hybrid OpenMP-MPI parallelisation
in a view of significant volumes and numbers of traced Monte-Carlo particles. The NGM will be employable in any 2D or 3D integrated
modelling approach for simulation of fusion reactor regimes with (semi)detached divertor on ITER and DEMO scale. The interfaces to
other codes will be adopted for IMAS (Integrated Modelling and Analysis Suite platform) and liaised with other TSVVs, in particular, TSVV-3&4.
The physics improvements will include refined and extended collisional-radiative models (CRMs) for molecules including resolving the
rotational and vibrational states, adding reactions types (e.g. for photon absorption) and treatment of isotope effects for H2, D2, T2,
DT and molecular ions. A significant focus will be given to building a hierarchy of models including advanced fluid neutrals and
various fluid-kinetic hybridisations (FKH), which are to approach the accuracy of the full-kinetic runs, while providing an
efficient treatment of highly collisional regions (HCR). These models will enable efficient simulations for ITER and DEMO.
The CRM development is done in cooperation with the IAEA network on the atomic and molecular data (AMD Unit: GNAMPP (iaea.org)).
The task includes significant modernisation of the EIRENE basic structure: modulisation will allow segregating the
numeric core from all branching, data pre-processing and interfaces; new models and features will be provided, including
a finite element model (FEM) for the divertor target (W) and its proxy at MAGMUM-PSI (the FEM will also be able to treat first
wall (FW) elements); modifications providing time-dependent simulations and the use of the adjoint approach for sensitivity studies
and uncertainty quantification (UQ) are foreseen. The proposed NGM infrastructure conform with up-to-date standards includes version
control, continuous integration and repository for the simulated data for the selected simulation base cases.
The task contains a strong validation part with experiments at JET-ILW, MAGNUM-PSI and PSI-2. Predictive power and computational
performance will be demonstrated for ITER (focus on semi-detached divertor scenario) and DEMO (focus on usability and advantages of FKH for HCR).
The validation effort will be focused on detachment physics including improved CRMs and photon trapping (spectroscopy for well-characterised
plasma conditions) as well as on testing of improved coupling to plasma-surface interaction physics including transients utilizing the target/FW FEM.
* CP - Contact person, PI - principal investigation
|Dmitry V. Borodin||FZJ||X||X||2020||Present|
|Jorge Gonzalez Munoz||DIFFER||2020||2023|
|Pieter Willem Groen||DIFFER||2023||Present|
|Mathias Groth||Aalto Univ.||X||2020||Present|
|Ray Chandra||Aalto Univ.||2022||Present|
|Andreas Holm||Aalto Univ.||2020||2022|
The project is led by a single principal investigator (PI). Dmitiy V. Borodin is leading the project since its official start in Jan, 2020. It was taken over by him from the initiator and first PI, Friedrich Schluck (FZJ) already at the end of the pilot phase 2018-2019.